Last week, on the day of a federal district court-mandated deadline — Wednesday, February 5, 2020 — the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (the CSB) announced its Final Rule on Accidental Release Reporting. The CSB posted a prepublication version of the Final Rule last week, on February 5th. The official version should be published in the Federal Register within the next few days.
As we previously reported, on December 12, 2019, the CSB issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for its new reporting rule, which set out the circumstances when facility owners and operators are required to file reports with the CSB about certain accidental chemical releases and what must be communicated in the reports.
As stated in the NPRM, the purpose of the rule is “to ensure that the CSB receives rapid, accurate reports of any accidental release that meets established statutory criteria.”
The rule requires owners and operators of stationary sources to report accidental releases that result in a fatality, a serious injury, or substantial property damage to the CSB within eight hours. The specific information required to be provided in the accidental release report includes:
- A brief description of the accidental release;
- Whether the release resulted in a fire, explosion, death, serious injury, or property damage;
- The number of fatalities and/or serious injuries, and the estimated property damage at or outside the stationary source;
- The name of the material involved;
- The amount of the release; and
- Whether the accidental release resulted in an evacuation order impacting members of the general public and other details associated with the evacuation.
Issuance of the CSB’s reporting rule has been a long time coming. Although the CSB did not become operational until 1998, its enabling legislation – the Clean Air Act Amendments – was enacted in 1990. That statute, from nearly thirty years ago, expressly required the agency to issue a rule governing the reporting of accidental releases to the CSB. Although the CSB submitted an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Chemical Release Reporting in 2009, that effort died on the vine. Accordingly, the CSB has never had its own reporting rule, relying instead on other sources to receive incident information. In February 2019, however, Continue reading